Shahrekord, Shahre-kord, Shahr-e Kord, Shahr Kord
The town of the Kurds
Many of the Bakhtiar carpets are knotted in and around the town of Shahrecord by a population that previously lived a nomadic life, but which today has settled down. In this area, they use Senneh knots and the patterns are inspired by the medallions and flower vines of the Isfahan carpets. However, they are not nearly as finely knotted. Here too, the knot density is usually 100,000-250,000 per m2.
Today, Bakhtiar carpets are being made with various patterns and at different quality levels all over the Char-Har-Mahal province, but carpets are also being knotted with entirely different patterns. It depends on the background of the individual knotter and whether they knot for traditional reasons or if they are more commercially oriented and focus on making the carpets that are currently most in demand.
The Bakhtiar carpets are easily recognisable on the carpet market. Common to them is the colour scheme, which often consists of warm colours like rust-red, green, cream, yellow, orange and a soft blue. The colours largely consist of natural dyes. The patterns are often Khristi, ‘the garden pattern’, or medallions and flower vines. Typical for the Bakhtiar carpets is also a pattern without a central medallion, but with many small medallions in rows, filled with the likes of weeping willows, cypress, flowers and birds. The wool is often good, flexible and lustrous. The warp and weft are made of cotton. The knot type is Ghiordes, though the Senneh knot may be used on rare occasions. The knot density varies between 150,000 - 500,000 knots per m2.
The Char-Har-Mahal and Baktiari province
The Char-Har-Mahal and Bakhtiar area borders Luristan to the west and Hamadan and Arak to the north, while to the east you can find the town of Isfahan and to the south the Kashgai area. Nomads and villagers knot sturdy, durable carpets in this area. The nomads use horizontal looms, while the villagers use vertical looms. The carpets from the different families in the various towns each have their own individual characteristics. Unfortunately, some of these characteristics are disappearing because carpet production has gradually become more standardised.
You are reading an extract from the book ‘Oriental Carpets, Knottet with Love’ by Martin Munkholm.
This extensive book about all that is carpets can be borrowed in Danish libraries or be bought following this link: http://www.belle-rugs.dk/dk/ekspertise/taeppebog/
The book is published by Muusmann Forlag.
For more info: muusmann-forlag.dk
You can find our selection of Bakhtiar carpets underneath.