Zandjan, Zanjan, Sanjan, Sandjan
Many carpets are being produced a bit east of Goltug, in several small Kurdish towns near the town of Zandjan. Unfortunately, however, they are of lesser quality. In the past, it was possible to find charming, decent quality carpets here, in the lower end of the price range. Many of them were sold as cheap Hamedan carpets. However, today it has become harder to find good, original Zandjan carpets. Instead, many so-called Zandjan-Bidjar carpets are being made. The original Zandjan carpets have between 7,000 - 18,500 knots per ft2. The colours are usually a mix of natural and synthetic dyes., The wool quality is good, and the carpets are durable.
Zandjan-Bidjar carpets are a good example of how so-called Bidjar carpets are being made in a far poorer quality than before. These are Bidjar carpets that do not come from Bidjar and thus fall under Iranian copies of Iranian carpets. Today, many so-called Zandjan-Bidjar carpets originate from there. These carpets can at times be of decent quality. However, some are terrible, and none of these carpets live up to the reputation that Bidjar carpets used to enjoy. They have saved on everything in making them, including the dyes, knotting technique, beating and wool quality. This is thus solely an attempt at making cheap carpets that resemble the popular Bidjar carpets.
Read more about Goltug carpets:
Goltug, Gholtogh, Koltuk, Koltug
North-east of Bidjar is the town of Goltug. The carpets are knotted by resident Kurds. In the 1970s, these carpets did not have a great reputation and the quality level was too low. Luckily, this has changed, and you can now find some lovely, rustic and durable carpets on the market. The carpets are in the mid-price range, where you get a lot of quality for the money. The patterns consist of hexagons and the Herati pattern as well as small stylised animals and flowers. The warp and weft threads are cotton, the Ghiordes knot is used and the knot density is between 14,000-28,000 knots per ft2. The colours are usually a mix of natural and synthetic dyes., In the 1990s, there were many Goltug carpets on the market. This is no longer the case.
Bidgoneh, Bidgeneh, Bitgoneh, Bitganeh
Bidgoneh carpets originate from the same area as Goltug carpets. They are in many ways comparable, but the Bidgoneh carpets are more finely knotted and you do not see as many on the market.
You are reading an extract from the book 'Oriental Carpets, Knottet with Love' by Martin Munkholm.
This extensive book about all that is carpets can be borrowed in Danish libraries or be bought following this link: http://www.belle-rugs.dk/dk/ekspertise/taeppebog/
The book is published by Muusmann Forlag.
For more info: muusmann-forlag.dk
See video about Zandjan rugs here: https://www.youtube.com/embed/RqRdS6f6zpo
You can find our selection of Zandjan carpets below